The roads in Manila are notorious for heavy smog and traffic congestion, especially at peak hours. Public transport is inexpensive and plentiful, including the elevated light rail system (LRT) and the Metro Rail Transit (MRT) that has helped to alleviate some of the congestion. However, public transport can also be dangerous in the Philippines and travellers should exercise vigilance.
The elevated light rail system, travelling above the chaos, is a good option as it is fast, clean and efficient, although very crowded during the evening rush hour. There are numerous bus companies that comprehensively service the city, as well as local jeepneys (brightly coloured minibuses) that can be hailed anywhere. Buses and jeepneys are the cheapest form of transport for areas not covered by the LRT. Taxis are also inexpensive and convenient, but always agree on a fare before setting off. There are also calesas (horse-drawn carriages) used by tourists for short trips, and tricycle pedicabs available for hire. Uber and Grab ride-hailing services are also available in Manila.