Great Synagogue © Lubos Motl
This small town in Bohemia has a brewing tradition that goes back centuries. King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia founded the City of Pilsen in 1295 and gave its 260 citizens the lucrative right to brew the beer, spawning more than 200 microbreweries. In turn, they developed the famous Pilsner brewing methods that still produce some of the best beer in the world. The Pilsner Urquell Brewery opened in 1842, and is still Pilsen's main attraction. It actually houses two separate breweries that make Pilsner Urquell and Gambrinus respectively. Visitors can tour both breweries and can learn about the history of beer at the museum. Aside from its beer, Pilsen tends to be overlooked as a travel destination. However, travellers can enjoy exploring a variety of museums dedicated to everything from ethnography and history to puppets. The town itself is pleasant to walk through and has some beautiful buildings to see, including the 15th-century Town Hall, the Cathedral of St Bartholomew, and the Great Synagogue. As might be expected in a town famous for its beer, Pilsen has a lot to offer regarding restaurants and pubs. There are many places to try local Czech cuisine, and bars serve coveted unfiltered beers, which are considered far superior to the filtered exports.
Transport: Pilsen is around a one-hour drive from Prague, or one hour forty minutes by train.